Also known as short-sightedness it is very common affecting up to 1 in 3 people in the UK. It causes distance objects to be blurred. It usually occurs because the eye grows slightly longer than normal.
Also known as long-sightedness this affects your ability to see near objects. Children and young adults with long-sightedness may not have any symptoms at first so it is important to have regular eye examinations.
Put simply this means the eye (specifically the cornea or lens) is shaped more like a rugby ball than a football. This can cause blurred vision, eyestrain and headaches if uncorrected. It often occurs alongside myopia and hyperopia and it is very common.
This is an aging phenomenon that affects everyone. It is caused by the loss of flexibility of the lens within the eye which affects your ability to focus on near objects. Symptoms typically begin in your 40s.
Also known as “lazy eye” is a condition where vision does not develop properly during childhood. It occurs because the eye does not develop a strong link with the area of the brain that processes vision. It can begin to develop at any stage from birth up until around seven years of age. It is vitally important that children have their eyes examined early so that steps can be taken to treat amblyopia. We recommend that children have their first eye examination at four years of age; or, at any age if you have noticed any obvious problems.
Inside the eye, behind the iris and pupil is a small lens. In a normal eye this should be clear. When cataract develops this lens becomes cloudy preventing it from properly focusing light on the retina. This causes blurred vision which normally occurs very gradually. The most common cause for cataract is the normal process of ageing, occurring any time after the age of 40. Cataracts may also be congenital (present at birth), drug induced (e.g. steroids) or traumatic (following eye surgery or an injury to the eye). Surgery is the only available treatment for cataracts.
Glaucoma is a condition where the pressure inside the eye causes damage to the optic nerve. This leads to a gradual reduction in peripheral vision which at first is not symptomatic. In order to detect glaucoma in the early stages it is necessary to have a detailed eye examination. It is actually possible to have glaucoma even if the pressure in the eye is not particularly high and for this reason we carry out various tests to detect the problem, not just an eye pressure check. Glaucoma may be treated by lowering eye pressure. This is usually done using eye drops or in some cases surgery may be required.
Age-related Macular Degeneration (AMD)
This is a common condition that causes damage to macula which is the central part of the retina. AMD damages your central but not your peripheral vision. It is caused by ageing but is also linked to smoking, being overweight, having high blood pressure and having a family history of AMD.
Dry eye is very common particularly as you get older. It can cause a variety of symptoms such as discomfort, itching and intermittent blurring of the vision. You may also find that it actually causes your eyes to water more than normal. Speak to your optometrist about the various things you can do to manage dry eye.
Flashes and Floaters
For most people flashes and floaters are not usually serious; however, they can be a sign of a serious eye problems such as a retinal detachment. It is vitally important that any new symptoms of flashes or floaters are investigated as soon as possible. If you have any concerns please contact us.